Operators

Python operators allow programmers to manipulate data or operands. Here are the types of operators supported by Python:

  • Arithmetic Operators
  • Assignment Operators
  • Relational or Comparison Operators
  • Logical Operators
  • Identity Operators
  • Bitwise Operators
  • Membership Operators

Arithmetic Operators:

Operator Description Example
+ Addition adds the value of the left and right operands
>>> 10+5
15
- Subtraction subtracts the value of the right operand from the value of the left operand
>>> 10-5
10
* Multiplication multiplies the value of the left and right operand
>>> 10*5 
50
/ Division divides the value of the left operand by the right operand
>>> 10/5
2
** Exponent performs exponential calculation
>>>2**3 
 2 raised to the power of 3 
8
% Modulus returns the remainder after dividing the left operand with the right operand
>>>17 % 5 
2
// Floor Division division of operands where the solution is a quotient left after removing decimal numbers
>>>17 // 5
 3

 

Assignment Operators :

These operators are useful when assigning values to variables:

Operators Description Example
= assigns the value of the right operand to the left operand
a = c 
a = b + c 
a = 8
+= add and adds the value of the right and left operand and assigns the total to the left operand
x = x += a
-= subtract and deducts the value of the right operand from the value of the left operand and assigns the new value to the left operand
x = x-=a
*= multiply and multiplies the left and right operand and assigns the product to the left operand
x = x*=a
/= divide and divides the left operand with the value of the right operand and assigns the quotient to the left operand
x = x/a
**= exponent performs exponential operation on the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand
x%=a
//= floor division and performs floor division on the left operand and assigns the result to the left operand
x = x//a

 

Relational or Comparison Operators :

Relational operators evaluate values on the left and right side of the operator and return the relation as either True or False.

Operator Description
== is equal to
< is less than
> is greater than
<= is less than or equal to
>= is greater than or equal to
!= is not equal to