Many early database applications maintained records in large organizations such as corporations, universities, hospitals, and banks.
In many of these applications, there were large numbers of records of similar structure. For example, in a university application, similar information would be kept for each student, each course, each grade record, and so on.
There were also many types of records and many interrelationships among them.
The World Wide Web provides a large network of interconnected computers.
Users can create documents using a Web publishing language, such as HyperText Markup Language (HTML), and store these documents on Web servers where other users (clients) can access them.
Documents can be linked through hyperlinks, which are pointers to other documents.
One of the most commonly used systems includes Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), which is used to consolidate a variety of functional areas within an organization, including production, sales, distribution, marketing, finance, human resources, and so on.
Another popular type of system is Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software that spans order processing as well as marketing and customer support functions.
These applications are Web-enabled in that internal and external users are given a variety of Webportal interfaces to interact with the back-end databases.